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Safety

Firework Safety

Fireworks are fun and exciting  - and so they should be - BUT remember they are explosives and should be treated with respect and care.  However....don't let that put you off using them, if handled correctly

Organising Your Display

Early preparation is important, and one person should be nominated to be in charge of the fireworks and lighting; if you are having a large  display then it would be adviseable to set up a committee and assign the various jobs to individuals well in advance.

Ensure your firing site can accommodate the type of fireworks you're wanting to fire, take a look at our example firing site below, it will give you an idea of the space you require - it's much more than you think!.

Make sure that you read the instructions on ALL your fireworks; different fireworks behave differently and need to be set up and secured in various ways. In recent years newer 'fan style' cakes have been introduced and you should take extra care to ensure that the correct side of the firework is facing the audience. Cakes / barrages, candles, mines and fountains should all be buried in soft earth, or alternatively you can attach them to wooden stakes hammered into the ground, when doing this make sure that the stake is nearest the audience and attach the firework with strong tape (gaffa tape, not sellotape) or thick cable ties, by making sure the firework is behind the stake, minimising the risk of the firework falling over facing the crowd. For large cakes use a couple of stakes. Remember to angle your fireworks whether buried or staked away from the audience. If its raining you can use plastic bags or bin liners to keep your fireworks dry.

Fountains sometimes come in a cone shape, making it difficult to attach to anything. If you have this type place it on a board or flat surface (paving slab etc)  If just placed on earth or grass it will make the firework unstable and increases the risk of it falling over.

Rockets should only be launched from suitable tubes.  If you require more you can make your own from plumbing pipe, but always ensure that the stick of the rocket can rise freely from the pipe, if it gets stuck in the pipe the rocket will explode at ground level, (something we definately don't want!). Don't be tempted to launch a rocket with a broken or missing stick -  it is an important part of the firework ensuring that the head of the rocket stays stable on its upward flight, and is calibrated accordingly.  Remember, rockets always travel into the wind so you should take this into account when setting up your display, you should also angle your rockets away from the audience and ensure there is no overhead obstruction such as trees.

If you are having a bonfire they should be a safe distance down wind of the firework area and must be supervised at all times. Never use inflammables such as petrol or paraffin to start the fire and under no circumstances dispose of used or unused fireworks on the bonfire.

Always wear protective clothing, goggles, hat and gloves are a must, and for extra protection you might want to invest in probhan (fire retardant) overalls, these can be obtained from many outlets for as little as £20. If you are lighting your fireworks one at a time, keep your fireworks in a closed, fireproof container and take them out as you need them, DONT PUT FIREWORKS IN YOUR POCKETS and leaving them in the open could mean sparks from lit fireworks ignighting them. You should make sure that no one can wander into the safety area, use rope or another type of barrier if you have to. Designate someone as a marshall if you haven't already to keep an eye on your audience. Make sure you have a torch to read the instructions on the fireworks again. NEVER read the instructions with a naked flame! Fire extinguishers, buckets of sand or water should be available. When lighting your fireworks only use a portfire or other safety lighter attached to a stick to distance you from the firework, you should never use lighters or matches, and always light the firework at arms length. Once lit, retire to a safe distance,.NEVER NEVER RETURN TO A LIT FIREWORK, EVEN IF YOU THINK ITS NOT LIT.